"Orthodontic" means correction of teeth.
Most of the children present with different orthodontic problems including :
- Protruded teeth
- Spacing or crowding
- Imbalance in jaw growth (one jaw growing bigger compared to the other )
- Abnormally narrow upper arch
- Gummy smile
- Open bite ( upper and lower front teeth cannot meet while biting or at rest )
- Speech defects due to abnormal placement of teeth
- Crossbite (lower teeth coming forward than upper teeth )
Orthodontic problems could be purely dental / purely skeletal or combination of both. If the problem is confined to the teeth alone it can be treated at the age of 13yrs- 18yrs. It does not mean that it cannot be treated after that age, but it means best possible results can be achieved if the patient is treated at that time because of the adaptability of the bone. On the other way if there is imbalance in jaw growth then the treatment should start much before means from the age of 9yrs onwards ( where the patient is still having his/her milk teeth) to modify and redirect the growth of jaws. Modifying jaw growth is only possible when the child is yet to reach puberty and the bones are soft enough to undergo any change. Growth modification is done painlessly with different kind of removable appliances but not with regular fixed appliances. Regular braces are fixed only when it is confirmed the jaw balance had achieved and all the permanent teeth have arrived. This kind of treatment is called “Two phase treatment”. Jaw modification is not possible when there is no growth left and orthognathic surgery is the only solution in such cases.
we recommend you to get your child to have an orthodontic checkup as soon as you notice any of these problems in your child
Special orthodontic services
- Interceptive orthodontic treatment
- Adult orthodontics.
- Cleft palate treatment.
- Lingual braces ( braces on backside of teeth ).
- Orthognathic surgery for jaw problems in adults.
INTERCEPTIVE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
- Is your child suffering from prolonged cold and nasal congestion?
- Is he/she breathing through his/ her mouth instead of nose?
- Is he/ she keeping mouth open most of the time?
"Habitual Mouth Breather"
It was proven that more than 50% of children with respiratory problems in their childhood will have orthodontic or orthognathic problems in future.
Altered naso-respiratory function has enough capability to obstruct normal development of dental and facial structures and thereby resulting in minor/ major problems later. Simple INTERCEPTIVE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT (IOT) at early age will prevent major problems in future.Unwanted effects of mouth breathing on teeth, mouth and face are as follows:
- Deep & narrow upper arch
- Crowding of teeth because of shortage of space
- Upper and lower front teeth cannot meet due to thrusting of tongue in between them (open bite)
- Difficulty in keeping the lips closed, which may further lead to decreased salivary flow, calculus formation and bad breath.
- Increased lower face height gives unsightly appearance.
- What kind of treatment is IOT?Interceptive Orthodontic Treatment deals with abnormal factors which affect the normal development of dental and facial structures. It is done with simple removable appliances which are worn by child himself/ herself.
- What is the right time to start IOT in patients with mouth breathing?It is usually done between 8 to 12 years because at that time bone will be soft enough to modify its size and shape and also the teeth are still coming into their places.
- What is the duration of IOT?The duration of IOT appliance therapy may vary from 6 to 18 months depending upon the severity of breathing problems and also cooperation of child.
- What is the cost of the IOT therapy?The cost of IOT therapy may vary from Rs 1000/- to Rs 5000/- depending upon the kind of appliance used. The cost is much less when compared to the amount of benefits which brings in and the cost & strain of the future treatment after the dental and facial structures have deformed
- Are all the children with prolonged and severe breathing problems are suitable for IOT ?Children with severe breathing problems cannot be treated with IOT immediately because they may not be able to tolerate these appliances. Hence, they must be treated for respiratory problems before initiating IOT. And also children with impaired mental growth are contraindicated since they cannot understand and cooperate with removable appliances. However, IOT is not beneficial in patients whose skeletal structures have been permanently deformed due to prolonged respiratory problems.