Loss of teeth could be a mental, physical and social trauma to a patient. Absence of even a single tooth may bring about many changes in adjacent teeth like shifting of teeth into that area and chewing efficiency of jaws. These changes may not be evident as soon as the tooth is removed but definitely felt few years later. Eventually it may cause difficulty in fixing of artificial teeth and also loss of adjacent teeth when the changes are beyond repair. This could be prevented by replacing the lost tooth or teeth as soon as the extraction wound heeled.
Replacement of teeth is done either by removable or fixed means depending upon the condition of teeth and also by patient decision. With the advent of newer materials into the field of dentistry it became easier to the prosthetic dentist to replace the teeth as natural as possible.
Different ways of fixing teeth:
- Removable - complete dentures - Partial dentures
- Fixed - full mouth implant supported crowns - Bridges - Crowns
Fixed teeth are generally made with the following materials -
- Metal ceramic
- Full ceramic /zirconia