Dental plaque - causes,symptoms and treatment

Dental Plaque: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Plaque is a common and mild form of gum disease that causes the gingiva, or the gum region surrounding your teeth base, to irritate, get red, and swell. It is critical to treat plaque quickly and seriously. Periodontitis, a far more serious form of gum disease, and tooth loss can result from Plaque. Poor oral hygiene is the most frequent cause of plaque. It can be prevented and treated with good oral hygiene practices such as daily flossing, at least twice daily brushing, and routine dental exams. Plaque on teeth is removed by brushing and flossing. Plaque becomes tartar if it is not removed. Cavities, plaque, and tooth loss can all be caused by plaque. It is extracted, and teeth are protected through routine dental exams. In this post, you can see about the dental plaque, its causes, symptoms, and treatment:


Dental plaque causes are created when oral bacteria and foods high in sugar or starch, such as milk, juice, soft drinks, bread, pasta, and fruit, come into contact. These microorganisms exude acids that dissolve the carbohydrates in food and beverages. If you don't wash your teeth right away after eating or drinking, bacteria, acids, and carbohydrates may combine to form plaque, a sticky, white coating on your teeth.

A biofilm called dental plaque develops naturally on the teeth. It happens when bacteria adhere to a tooth's smooth surface. Bacterial plaque buildup in the spaces between and around the teeth is the most frequent cause of Plaque. Near the gum line at the base of the teeth, this plaque has the potential to solidify into calculus or tartar.

The color of this is yellow-white. Dental specialists can only eliminate calculus teeth. Plaque accumulation can cause immunological reactions that destroy gingival or gum tissue. It might eventually result in additional issues, such as tooth loss.

The environment in your mouth is thriving. When you eat, drink, and breathe, bacteria and other creatures enter your body. Your oral environment typically maintains a delicate balance, but issues might occur if some bacterial strains become overly prevalent.


Depending on whatever region of your body is affected, the dental plaque symptoms can be classified as bubonic, septicemic, or pneumonic. The signs and symptoms of each variety of plague are different.

The following are examples of plaque symptoms and signs:

  • Inflammation and discoloration of the gums
  • Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing halitosis,
  • Poor breath,
  • gums that are sensitive and possibly painful to the touch,
  • Receding gums
  • Dark or dusky red gums
  • Supple gums

However, there might be no pain or other obvious symptoms in moderate cases of gingivitis.


A dentist can only eliminate plaque and it can turn into tartar if you don't brush and floss every day. In dental plaque treatment, your teeth will be cleaned and scraped by your dentist to remove tartar and plaque. They might also apply a fluoride treatment, which can stop or slow the development of tartar and plaque on your teeth.

Cleaning your teeth thoroughly on all surfaces, between your teeth, and below the gum line can help eliminate the food particles that bacteria feed on. You must see a dental hygienist have tartar, also known as calculus that has formed because regular brushing and flossing won't be able to eliminate it.

Despite all the advancements in dental health, the best technique to remove plaque from your teeth is still to practice excellent oral hygiene. Use the following advice to prevent dental problems and plaque buildup on the teeth:

Brushing your teeth

  • You should brush your teeth every meal or at least twice a day. To stop deterioration and the growth of bacteria, brush for at least two minutes.
  • Plaque can be eliminated without applying a lot of force or vigorous brushing. Brushing each tooth with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoridated toothpaste will help eliminate plaque and food particles.
  • Keep in mind that bacteria adore the carbs found in soda, snacks, and sweets. Therefore, limiting your intake of these foods and beverages while brushing and cleaning your teeth is essential for maintaining plaque control.

Floss your mouth with cleaners

  • To remove plaque and tartar teeth, cleaning between your teeth and beneath the gum line is essential. There are numerous items available that can be cleaned in those confined spaces.
  • Traditional dental floss can be curved to fit between your teeth and reach all surfaces of each tooth.
  • To clean in between the teeth, water flossers use a water jet.
  • Dental picks can get in between your teeth if you have braces or another obstruction that prevents you from flossing with dental floss.
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash to lessen the microorganisms that cause plaque and gum disease.

How can you prevent plaque buildup?

  • Essential to preventing further plaque and tartar buildup on your teeth is routine dental visits. Your teeth will be cleaned and scraped by your dentist to remove tartar and plaque.
  • They might also apply a fluoride treatment, which can stop or slow the development of tartar and plaque on your teeth. Gums that are sensitive and possibly painful to the touch.
  • If a dental sealant is right for you, ask your dentist. To prevent cavities and decay, dental sealants, a thin plastic covering, are applied on the chewing surfaces of teeth.
  • Limit your between-meal snacking and eat a balanced diet.
  • If you want a snack, pick something healthy like fruit, cheese, plain yogurt, or raw veggies. Celery, for example, helps saliva neutralize acids that cause plaque by assisting in the removal of food.

Parting words

As a result, the above details are about the dental plaque causes, symptoms, and treatment. If you notice any symptoms of plaque in your mouth, you should take proper measures to prevent that, and you need to treat it immediately.

For more information about Dental Plaque treatment as well as other dental problems, contact Vistadent Orthodontic Speciality Clinic, at 040-23388111 or +91 9866572482 or at info@vistadent.net or visit our website at http://vistadent.net/.



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